english simple present tense exercises grammar usage

english simple present tense exercises grammar usage

A) Present Simple Tense

The present simple tense is used for;

  • facts that are always true
  • things expected to don’t change
  • feelings
  • thoughts and ideas
  • things that happen regularly.

The grammar rule of present simple tense is as following;

Positive Sentences: Subject + [Verb(1)/verb(1)(-s)]/am, is, are + complement

Negative Sentences: Subject + [don’t/ doesn’t+verb(1)]/[am, is, are not] + complement

Question Sentences 1: [Do/Does] / [am/is/are] + subject + Verb(1) (If we use do/does) + complement

Question Sentences 2: Question words(such as what, why, how, etc.) + [do/does] / [am/is/are] + subject + complement

Note: We use am/is/are formed sentences for names, nationalities, jobs, family, feelings, position, and time.

Examples;

  • My name is Emre. / He is Turkish. / They are students. / She is not married. / Are you hungry? / Where is the station?
  • I like Turkey. / He goes to school. / You don’t work. / She doesn’t live in Ankara.
  • What do you study? / Does he have time? / Do you go to school? / When does she get up?

B) Present Continuous Tense

The present continuous tense is used to;

  • describe something that is happening while we are speaking
  • mention about something happening around now, for a limited period of time
  • talk about what is happening in photos and pictures.

The grammar rule of present continuous tense is as following;

Positive Sentences: Subject + am/is/are + Verb (ing) +complement

Negative Sentences: Subject + am/is/are + not + Verb (ing) + complement

Question Sentences 1: Am/is/are + subject + Verb (ing) + complement

Question Sentences 2: Question words (such as what, who, how, etc.) + am/is/are + subject + Verb (ing) + complement

Examples; 

  • I am watching TV. / She is not going to school. / Are you sitting here? / What are you doing?

C) Comparison of Present Simple Tense and Present Continuous Tense

  • First of all, while we use present simple tense to talk about things that we do regularly (we use time expressions such as usually, often, every day once a week etc.), we use present continuous tense to talk about things that is happening while we are speaking. (we use time expressions such as right now, at the moment, etc.)
  • Examples; Emre studies history. / Emre is studying history right now.
  • In addition, while we use present simple tense for permanent situations, we use present continuous tense for temporary situations. (we use time expressions such as today, this week, at the moment, etc.)
  • Examples; I work in Ankara. / This month I am working in Ankara.

 

Grammatik und Konversation.Deutsch für türkischsprachige Lernende kendi kendine Almanca öğrenmeye çalışan bağımsız bireyler için, Almanya’da yaşayan Türkler için ve lisede ya da üniversitede Almanca eğitimi alan öğrenciler için ideal bir referans kaynağıdır.

Kitaba sahip olmak için burayı tıklayın

Almanca video dersler için youtube kanalımıza abone olun

Önceki

HOW TO WRITE AN ARTICLE REVIEW

Sonraki

Past Simple Tense

Bir cevap yazın

Email adresiniz paylaşılmayacak. Gerekli alanlar * ile işaretlidir.

Email aboneliği

Esakademi.com'dan iyi ve güzel haberler almak için listeye mailinizi ekleyin