ingilizce bağlaçlar listesi PDF indir ve oku

ingilizce bağlaçlar listesi PDF indir ve oku

A LIST OF CONJUNCTIONS

Coordinating Conjunctions (there are seven):

And     Or     But     Nor     So     For     Yet

Subordinating Conjunctions (these are only a few):

 

After Although As As If As Long As
Because Before Even If Even Though   If
Once Provided Since So That   That
Though Till Unless Until   What
When Whenever Wherever Whether   While

 

  • Both coordinating conjunctions and subordinating conjunctions can join clauses.

EXAMPLES:

My sister drives a truck, and she smokes cigars.

(Two clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction form a compound sentence.)

Some people do not like Cecil because he never listens.

(Two clauses joined by a subordinating conjunction form a complex sentence.)

Although Milly is terrified of heights, she is an airline pilot, and she lives in a penthouse.

(Clauses joined by a combination of coordinating and subordinating conjunctions form a compound-complex sentence.)

  • A subordinating conjunction can appear at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence.

EXAMPLES:

After the movie started, more people came in.  (Notice the comma separating the clauses)

More people came in after the movie started.

  • A subordinating conjunction causes the clause that it appears in to become dependent. In other words, it will be a sentence fragment unless it is joined to an independent clause.

EXAMPLES:

You are my favorite brother. (sentence)

Even though you are my favorite brother. (fragment)

Even though you are my favorite brother, I am going to tell Mom. (sentence)

The owner is bigger than you. (sentence)

Unless the owner is bigger than you. (fragment)

You can sit on that car unless the owner is bigger than you.  (sentence)

A LIST OF CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS

Conjunctive Adverbs (these are only a few):

Accordingly        Also           Anyway         Besides      Consequently Finally    For Example      For Instance   Further           Furthermore

Hence         However      Incidentally      Indeed          In Fact Instead               Likewise       Meanwhile       Moreover         Namely

Now         Of Course        On the Contrary

On the Other Hand Otherwise

Nevertheless       Next        Nonetheless      Similarly        So Far Until Now                  Still           Then         Therefore        Thus

  • Some adverbs are used as transitions between sentences. These are called conjunctive adverbs, but they are not conjunctions and cannot be used to join two sentences. These words and phrases are often useful to show the logical transitions between paragraphs.

EXAMPLES:

You are a fool, moreover, you dress badly.  (comma splice) You are a fool.  Moreover, you dress badly.  (corrected) You are a fool; moreover, you dress badly.  (corrected)

We ate our meal then, we had dessert.  (run-on)

We ate our meal, and then we had dessert.  (corrected) We ate our meal; then we had dessert.  (corrected)

We ate our meal. Then we had dessert.  (corrected)

Bessie always sleeps on the subway, however, she has never been robbed. (comma splice) Bessie always sleeps on the subway.  However, she has never been robbed. (corrected) Bessie always sleeps on the subway; however, she has never been robbed. (corrected)

  • Notice that often conjunctive adverbs, unlike  conjunctions, often can  move almost anywhere in a sentence.

EXAMPLES:

I like frozen pizza pockets.  Also, I like bouillabaisse. I like frozen pizza pockets.  I also like bouillabaisse.

I like frozen pizza pockets.  I like bouillabaisse also.

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