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A LIST OF CONJUNCTIONS
Coordinating Conjunctions (there are seven):
And Or But Nor So For Yet
Subordinating Conjunctions (these are only a few):
|After||Although||As||As If||As||Long As|
|Because||Before||Even If||Even Though||If|
- Both coordinating conjunctions and subordinating conjunctions can join clauses.
My sister drives a truck, and she smokes cigars.
(Two clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction form a compound sentence.)
Some people do not like Cecil because he never listens.
(Two clauses joined by a subordinating conjunction form a complex sentence.)
Although Milly is terrified of heights, she is an airline pilot, and she lives in a penthouse.
(Clauses joined by a combination of coordinating and subordinating conjunctions form a compound-complex sentence.)
- A subordinating conjunction can appear at the beginning or in the middle of a sentence.
After the movie started, more people came in. (Notice the comma separating the clauses)
More people came in after the movie started.
- A subordinating conjunction causes the clause that it appears in to become dependent. In other words, it will be a sentence fragment unless it is joined to an independent clause.
You are my favorite brother. (sentence)
Even though you are my favorite brother. (fragment)
Even though you are my favorite brother, I am going to tell Mom. (sentence)
The owner is bigger than you. (sentence)
Unless the owner is bigger than you. (fragment)
You can sit on that car unless the owner is bigger than you. (sentence)
A LIST OF CONJUNCTIVE ADVERBS
Conjunctive Adverbs (these are only a few):
Accordingly Also Anyway Besides Consequently Finally For Example For Instance Further Furthermore
Hence However Incidentally Indeed In Fact Instead Likewise Meanwhile Moreover Namely
Now Of Course On the Contrary
On the Other Hand Otherwise
Nevertheless Next Nonetheless Similarly So Far Until Now Still Then Therefore Thus
- Some adverbs are used as transitions between sentences. These are called conjunctive adverbs, but they are not conjunctions and cannot be used to join two sentences. These words and phrases are often useful to show the logical transitions between paragraphs.
You are a fool, moreover, you dress badly. (comma splice) You are a fool. Moreover, you dress badly. (corrected) You are a fool; moreover, you dress badly. (corrected)
We ate our meal then, we had dessert. (run-on)
We ate our meal, and then we had dessert. (corrected) We ate our meal; then we had dessert. (corrected)
We ate our meal. Then we had dessert. (corrected)
Bessie always sleeps on the subway, however, she has never been robbed. (comma splice) Bessie always sleeps on the subway. However, she has never been robbed. (corrected) Bessie always sleeps on the subway; however, she has never been robbed. (corrected)
- Notice that often conjunctive adverbs, unlike conjunctions, often can move almost anywhere in a sentence.
I like frozen pizza pockets. Also, I like bouillabaisse. I like frozen pizza pockets. I also like bouillabaisse.
I like frozen pizza pockets. I like bouillabaisse also.